According to NASA’s Solar Eclipse website, there will be much science to be accomplished during the solar eclipse’s ‘path of totality’ journey across the continental United States. The last eclipse to be observed by any part of the US population was in 1903.
“The exceptionally long path over land of this total eclipse will provide an unprecedented opportunity for cross disciplinary studies of the sun, moon, Earth, and their interactions.” – NASA
Here are the ‘ground-based eclipse science missions’ being readied, for the big event.
“DyNAMITE visible and infrared telescopes on NASA’s twin WB-57 airplanes to get a unique look at both the sun and Mercury during the total solar eclipse.”
“Space Science Institute in Rancho Cucamonga, California, will lead an effort to take images of part of the sun’s atmosphere, the solar inner corona – visible only during total solar eclipses – in polarized light.”
“High Altitude Observatory in Boulder, Colorado, will use new instruments to study the magnetic field structure of the corona by imaging this atmospheric layer during the eclipse.”
“National Corporation for Atmospheric Research will…point a specialized instrument at the sun. The instrument is a spectrometer, which collects light from the sun and separates each wavelength of light, measuring their intensity.”
“University of Hawaii’s Institute for Astronomy in Honolulu will lead a team of scientists to image the sun from four different states during the total solar eclipse.”
“NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, will point a new, specialized polarization camera at the sun’s faint outer atmosphere, the corona, taking several-second exposures of the sun at four selected wavelengths in just over two minutes.”
“Solar Eclipse-Induced Changes in the Ionosphere Over the Continental US (will be observed).”
“Using an array of ground-based instruments and weather balloons…team from the University of Missouri in Columbia, along with students and citizen scientists, will meticulously map the response of the land and lower atmosphere to the total solar eclipse.”
“Quantifying the Contributions of Ionization Sources on the Ionosphere.”
“Studying Earth’s Atmosphere During an Eclipse from Above and Below.”
“The ionosphere — a region of Earth’s atmosphere made of charged particles — is a dynamic area, and one not fully understood…team at Virginia Tech in Blacksburg the opportunity to understand how the ionosphere responds to changes in sunlight.”